Velama Origin from differnt linguists and Historians

Origin of Velamas

There are four conflicting theories as to the origin of the community.Many believe Velamas migrated from Bihar when they were banished by Chanakya for supporting the Nanda dynasty.Some linguists trace the root of the word Velama to similar sounding Vellalars of Tamil Nadu and assume they are Vellala soldiers and administrators who followed in the footsteps of the Chola expansion to Andhra. The Andhra branch known as Velanati or Velanadu (Tamil/Telugu) Cholas who are also known as Telugu Cholas could have been instrumental in the genesis of the Velama community in AndhraIt is believed that Velamas belong to one of the Original Aryan races of north India who migrated to south India during Chanakya times.But it is also possible that Velama and Vellala are derived from lance wielders where Vel in Tamil stands for a lance. Hence, they could be an indigenous group directly derived from a Neolithic agrarian community.It is possible that they were simply lance wielding soldiers of one of the many local Kingdoms such as Satavahanas, Chalukyas, Kakatiyas or Cholas who came to dominate the land through their service to the kingsIt is also believed that Velamas came from Bengal area. Even today, Velama brides wear saris in the Bengali style. During the wedding the Velama concept of having a mango twig over the heads of the bride and groom is also unique to the Bengali culture. It is believed that a ship load of people from Bengal got shipwrecked in the Bay of Bengal and two groups of survivors managed to reach two points on the Coromandel Coast.

The first one was headed by a person called Adanna and therefore came to be called Adi Velamas and the second group was headed by Padmanna and therefore called Padma Velamas. Also, these new people were good at counting and arithmatic and attracted local landlords and kings to hire them as accountants.The History of Padmanayaka Velamas only is known through various ancient scriptures and ballads.The Padmanayaka Velamas seem to be a different caste altogether based on their physical features and war-like build besides the customs and traditions pointing towards a warrior origin.


  1. but many also velama and kamma are same, or from same orgin, they got two different names during brahmanaidus era.any clarification regarding this

    1. Yes velama's Chowdhary and also Vellar from Tamil Nadu belongs to same caste

  2. Can someone please throw some light on origin of koppula, polinati and adi velamas?

  3. wl dis artcle is supportiv on da xcistence of da padmanayakas bt da anthropological comparison doesn`t make any sense.differences in appearence is moredue to geographical regionalisation nly & has got nothing to do with anthropolgy

  4. As Per 'Padmayaka Charitramu', Old Telugu word Velama means 'immigrants' to Andhra Country .'Velama' means those who crossed Vindya ranges ...means immigrants to telugu Country.

    There ware many immigrants (Velamas) over the period of several millinia..from different parts of North India to Telugu Country.

    As Per 'Padmanayaka Charitra', Padmanayaka Velamas are descendants of Nanda Dynasty of Magadha Empire..After losing the throne to Chandra Gupta mourya..Emperor Padmathis's (Mahapadmanada's Eldest Son) sons,relatives and close associates were banished from Magadha Empire..and They crossed Vindya Ranges and came to South settled in Andra,Tamilnadu and Karnataka. They called themselves as 'Padmanayaka' .