Bobbili- History and story of Thandra PapaRayudu-Bobbili Tiger

Bobbili which is one of the velama kingdoms has lot to share to the Andhra history or telugu literature books. This kingdom like other Kingdoms of velamas in Andhra Pradesh stands for the courage and power of velamas. The fort in Bobbili is the resemblance of velama pride and valour of telugu people. The story of bobbili, is a master piece that tells the power of indians against the british.

The mere utterance of his name brings back memories of valour and Velama pride. Also known as "Gajabaludu" and "Simha Vikramudu", his slaying of Peda Viziarama Raju, the Raja of Vizianagaram, was the single most event of significance, which catapulted him not only in the annals of Bobbili History but also of India.

The suicide of his sister and the wiping out of his entire clan in the famous `Bobbili Yuddham' led him to avenge almost single-handedly their killing. Tandra Paparayudu is revered as a tiger, who upheld the glory of the Padmanayaka Velamas. A `chavadi', which bears his name, was erected in Bobbili town in 1900.

The founder of the Bobbili house, Pedda Rayudu, 15th in descent of the Rajas of Venkatagiri, was a Velama by caste. Pusapati Madhava Varma was the ancestor of the royal Vizianagaram family. The rivalry between the two families dates back to 1652. Sher Muhammad Khan, the Fouzdar of the Nawab of Chicacole granted the Rajam hunda to Pedda Rayudu in recognition of his services.

Rayudu's son Lingappa, who succeeded him, selected Bobbili as his headquarters, built a fort there, found the town and called it Pedda-puli (big tiger). The name became Pebbuli and Bebbuli and in course of time it became Bobbili. The son of Sher Khan was abducted by rebels and Lingappa saved him. He was granted 12 villages and the hereditary title `Ranga Rao' in recognition of his service.

Lingappa was succeeded by his adopted son Vengal Ranga Rao and the latter by Rangapati. His son Rayadappa succeded him and later his adopted son Gopalakrishna took over. During Gopalakrishna's rule in 1753, the Northern Circars were assigned to the French by the Nizam of Hyderabad and Bussy, the French General, agreed to lease Chicacole and Rajahmundry Circars to Pedda Viziarama Raju, the Raja of Vizianagaram. A rupture between Bussy and the Nizam led to the weakening of the former's authority. Viziarama Raju placed his troops at the disposal of Bussy and helped him in re-establishing his suzerainty.

Viziarama Raju persuaded Bussy to help him in defeating his arch rival, the Raja of Bobbili. On January 24, 1757, Bussy with his army and the army of Viziarama Raju in tow marched towards the Bobbili fort. The army of Gopalkrishna Ranga Rao was no match for the combined armies of Bussy and Viziarama Raju but he and his men put up a brave fight till the end.

Tandra Paparayudu was at Rajam at that time. The French General knew that it would be impossible to reach Bobbili via Rajam as Paparayudu was camping there and took a different route to reach the fort. Rani Mallamma Devi, wife of Ranga Rao and sister of Paparayudu, sent a message to him on coming to know of the enemy's advance towards the fort.

However, the enemy intercepted the courier and the message did not reach Paparayudu.

Meanwhile, Ranga Rao and his men after defending the fort for several hours realised that the enemy could not be contained for long. Ranga Rao did not want the women and children in the fort to be at the mercy of the enemy. He ordered them to be sacrificed. Rani Mallamma Devi committed suicide.

When the news reached him, Tandra Paparayudu rushed to the demolished fort and saw his sister and the entire family lying on the ground in a pool of blood. Seething with vengeance he took an oath to kill Viziarama Raju.

Viziarama Raju was camping in a tent, basking in the `glory' of the unequal war, which annihilated his enemy. Tandra Paparayudu along with Devulapalli Peddanna and Buddaraju Venkaiah managed to reach the tent in which Viziarama Raju was sleeping. Paparayudu gained entry through the rear of the tent, while the other two stood guard at the entrance.

He woke up Viziarama Raju shouting "Puli, Puli... Bobbili Puli" (tiger, tiger... Bobbili tiger). Viziarama Raju tried to divert his attention saying that Velama heroes should not belittle their clan as cowards gaining entry through the backdoor. "You have wiped out our entire clan through dubious means and have no right to get ethical treatment," replied Paparayudu and stabbed him repeatedly in the chest.

Hearing the commotion, the bodyguard of Viziarama Raju tried to enter the tent but was killed by Peddanna, who was guarding the entrance. The entire army was alerted and the Bobbili tiger Paparayudu and the other two killed themselves.


  1. velamas are the tigers they are unbeatable

  2. velamas are the tigers they are unbeatable

  3. It's interesting stuff. I feel happy being here. thanks for the update.


  4. Brother myself too i am a velama need your support in maintaining a blog that focusses on enriching UTTARANDHRA into UTTAMANDHRA which henceforth delimits the discrepancies,differences on our unity

  5. Great go ahead.. venki.. :)

    My support will always be there with u.. If u need to post some thing here.. i can provide u author status in this blog so that u can blog here. :)

  6. Hi Venktesh,

    It is a great idea to have discussion on Uttarandhra and it's development. If we all come together we can develop Uttarandhra region in all respects. This is a perfect time to have this discussion as Srikishna commission is inviting suggestions and views from all regions and communities regarding the future of our state. As our community is one of the two dominant communities of uttarandhra region, we should express our views to the commission. I feel that Uttandhra needs special package for development, deputy chief minister should be given this region with budgetary powers and say in all aspects related to this region in all future governments, certain percentage should be allotted to this region in jobs and professional instituions, all contracts should be given local populations and access to equity and loans to setup industries by local communities.

    The above protections should be made into law so that they are not violated in future. This is only solution to counter underdevelopment meted to this region and our community for last 60 years. I am sure they are other solutions to develop uttarandhra into uttamandhra region. My dream is to see uttarandhra developed so that there is no more migration of people from this region in search of livilihood.

    I hope the new blog or a new topic on this blog would bring more suggestions to develop our region and community ad well.

  7. Nicely describe3d abt the VELAMA GLORY

  8. Sree phanindra
    Master of science (computer networking)
    Koppula velama
    My support will be there in posting, supporting velama community

  9. hi sree phanindra
    nice to meet u s.v.achuta rao from vijayawada

    native of eluru you can mail me and talk to me

    working as computer science lecturer at vikas college
    of engineering and technology,, 9885463131,8500669273,08662469212

  10. i am venkataramana gedela native of bobbili local
    i feel provid as koppula velama 9704432763

  11. Im proud to be bobbili citizen and also a velama candidate. thanks for the update.

    1. Dude, Padmanayaka Velama is totally different and upper caste to Koppula Velama.

  12. it's interesting to find the bobbili families. I feel happy being here.
    Iam bobbili hemasundar

  13. nice one gud to know about heroes of our caste

  14. Bobbili kings are from the family of venkatagiri raja's.
    They belongs to Padmanayka velamas so frnds not all the velamas are padmanayaka velamas.
    They are unique

  15. Iam proud to be an padmanayaka velama,and all my velama members haiiiii

  16. 15 August is the most historic day in Indian history as the nation celebrates its Independence Day.
    India will celebrate its 71st Independence Day on August 15, 2017.
    Independence day quotes in telugu 2017

  17. 15 August is the most historic day in Indian history as the nation celebrates its Independence Day.
    India will celebrate its 71st Independence Day on August 15, 2017.
    Independence day quotes in telugu 2017

  18. Some of friends who visited Bobbili have told me that Tandrapaparayudu was not a tallman but a simple it true.if it is how can such simple man with simple physic achieved such success and fame